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宾夕法尼亚州立大学扩展为大麻种植者提供预算模型

Regardless of where you are on your hemp farming journey, financial planning is as important as your cultivation strategy. Launching a new business comes with a significant degree of risk: About 20% of startups with employees fail within their first year and 50% fail within 5 years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Business Employment Dynamics. The biggest risk factor? “Running out of money …,” according to Investopedia .

Proper budgeting, therefore, is key to survival. In that vein, staff at The Pennsylvania State University’s (PSU) College of Agricultural Sciences Extension—including research, horticulture and agricultural economics experts—created sample production budgets to help hemp farmers project expenses and income to estimate the profitability of their farming operations. While the budget models were developed in 2018 and 2019, Jeffrey S. Graybill, agronomy education at Penn State Extension, noted them as helpful resources for hemp growers during his presentation at the recent Cannabis Conference Virtual Conference Series’ Hemp Virtual Conference . Hemp Grower followed up with Graybill to learn more.

Production Output Budgets

Penn State experts developed three models:

  • Industrial Hemp CBD Production Budget
  • Industrial Hemp Grain Production Budget , and
  • Industrial Hemp Fiber Production Budget .

The sample budgets allows farmers to fill in their variable costs, such as soil tests and other testing fees, fertilizer/soil amendments, seed, hand labor, grain or bale hauling, drying CBD biomass, diesel fuel for tractors, and more. Farmers also can fill in the quantity and the price they expect to garner for their CBD biomass, grain or fiber.

“I have worked through the spreadsheets myself to get a feel for them and how real-world they are. I think they can be a big help when both considering growing hemp and when planning and budgeting for the crop you have in the ground,” says Graybill.

However, Graybill suggests farmers should overestimate certain items, which can help avoid the cashflow problem some startups face.

“For the CBD budget, I think people need to consider the cost of harvest labor and possibly make it larger than the example ($750/acre),” says Graybill. “I think a lot of new growers have no idea how much labor will be needed and what the cost of it is.”

While labor costs should be considered for any farming operation, Lynn Kime, Ph.D., senior extension associate with expertise in agriculture economy, who was involved in creating the model production budgets, agrees that is it particularly important when growing for cannabinoids, such as CBD. “Grain and fiber production is 用谷物作物的设备来完成。 CBD与需要更多体力劳动的园艺作物更加契合。” Kime说。 “ CBD预算所包含的劳动力成本要比谷物或纤维生产高得多。”

Graybill建议,大麻产品(无论是生物质,纤维还是谷物)的预期销售价格是农民不仅应预先研究的另一个领域,而且还应监测其随时间的变化。 “我们的价格已经大幅下跌,电子表格使[农民]能够快速了解​​市场如何真正影响他们的收入潜力。”

有关使用样本预算的其他信息和指南,可以在 此处 找到 用于谷物和纤维的生产, 在这里 可以找到 CBD的生产。

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